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Anonymous: "May true Wisdom & Love shine in your heart as though through a prism, so that you can realize virtues in your life as clearly as you see the colors of the rainbow."

This is an attempt to order the main ways of how people communicate with each other and themselves.

The Parts of Speech and Other Ways of Communication

1. substantive

Traditionally divided into concrete and abstract, the thoughtful reader may take notice that the abstract can vary from the figurative, the psychical, and via the spiritual also to things of the heart, not to forget mental concepts.

2. verb

I put the verb in second place, as it is the nouns that form the first parts of speech and that are connected by the other parts.

3. adjective

It is my opinion that the adjective rightfully takes the third place, as it further describes the nouns that interact through the verb.

4. adverb

As the verb takes the second place the adverb, that has something to say about the verb, takes the fourth place.

5. pronoun

The pronoun is not for nothing called the pro-noun, as it can take the place of a noun, as a main player in the sentence.

6. preposition

The preposition is called so, because it says something about the 'position' of a noun or acting phrase. Words like 'for,' 'before,' 'upon,' etc. determine the whereabout of the persons or players of the sentence.

7. conjunction

Words like 'and,' 'or,' 'also,' and so forth conjoin members of a sentence.

8. article

Languages like Latin are more or less anarthrous. The absence of the article is made up for by other ways. Latin, by the way, often omits our I, you, he, we, you and they. These are included in the verb endings.

9. particle

Words in Koine, such as 'ge,''de,' 'men.' These occur in various Indo-Germanic languages and are hard to translate.

10. cardinals and numerals

'Fifth,' and 'five' are examples of a cardinal and a numeral. In older English you also have 'thrice,' and 'twice' (bis in Latin).

11. interjection

Oopse, ahum, ah, ha, etc. Some might put a word like 'hello' here, whereas others might say that hello is another way of saying 'Here I am, do you hear me?'

12. names

Also nicknames and name-calling. 'What's in a name?'

13. to talk

One might argue that this modus is implied in the parts of speech, but if one takes into account that nonverbal communication (the talk of emotional expressions) is a way of speech; then this is a category in its own kind. Sign languages might be put here also. To vaunt and to babble would be the exaggeration and the lack of talk. Intonation over the phone is an important part of expression. The body unseen must be aided by the voice.

14. expletives, cursing, incantations, wrong mantra's

Often unbeknown to Westerners mantra's are repetitive prayers that call on the name of a Hindu god(dess).

15. blessing and cursing in a godly way

The reader may be well reminded that according to the New Testament only the first is in order now: "Bless and curse not!" But against against Alexander the silver smith more or less a curse was pronounced.

16. to sing

Different cultures have different ways of singing.

17. to pray

From long-lasting meditation (thoughtful discussion with the divinity) to a simple sigh or groan; these all are ways of prayer.

18. to weep

Jeremiads, weeping and complaining songs and even autistic movements and ticks are modi lacrimosi.

19. Habits

One might argue that this modus is a form of communication at all kinds of levels, from stopgaps to smoking. Off course more subconscious than conscious.

20. to think

Cogitation is not only a matter of the mind, but also of the spirit, the soul and particularly of the heart.

21. to act

People put up acts for all kinds of reasons, from temper tantrums to selling techniques.

22. to make art

Ars longa, vita brevis.

23. to play, to act playfully

Last but not least, the little child in us should never die.

The construction of mandalas, flower displays, mausoleums, processions of various kinds and the like may range through all the categories.

Whereas word parsing assigns the parts of speech, so sentence parsing names the various relations between functional terms within a sentence. Some authors have a habit of expressing themselves in long and convoluted sentences that are difficult to analyze as far as sentence parsing is concerned.

There are many forms of communication. Above we started with the parts of speech and ended with a few forms of expressiveness. Below we concentrate on 'language' as a vehicle of communication.

The Levels of Language

1. material laws

Chemistry, physics and even mathematics are the area of material existence.

2. computer language

Programming languages are transferred by means of hardware. Do not be fooled by artificial intelligence. It is just smart programming and remains the field of a machine.

3. vegetable life

Biological fluids are at the basis of vegetable life.

4. animal instincts

Whereas verdure lives by fluids, animals live by blood.

5. vital urges/impulses

The semi-autonomous nervous system is the area of vital impulses.

6. symbolic language

Symbols are the primitive version of language. But sign language has been developed into a full fledged form of communication.

7. languages of logic

Exact thinking is the most famous example of logical language. But also physics theories are based on logical thinking.

8. emotional communication

Non verbal communication is conveyed by emotions. Sexual feelings are partly a form of emotional communication. This is the domain of values and feelings.

9. intuitive language

Intuition is the domain of ideas.

10. conscientious language

Pangs of the conscience are ways we are talked to by our responsible self. This is the field of normative thinking.

11. volitional acts

Our will is the way to express ourselves in deeds.

12. language of the heart

This is often confused with deep emotions, but the heart is the seat of personality and the domain of our highest ideals.

13. angelic languages

In 1 Corinthians 13 the apostle Paul mentions angelic languages. Angels are spirits and they converse at their own levels.

14. divine communication

The three Persons of the Trinity understand each other at the divine level, so to speak. It is said that the Holy Spirit fathoms the will of the other Persons and therefore knows what to pray for us.

Just as with the ways of communication above, so the various laws and languages depend on each other and are in fact interwoven. DNA is the programming language of the Creator.

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